Giulio Paolini (1940) is an Italian artist most widely knowns for his Arte Povera and Conceptual art pieces. In the late 1950s, his research aimed at eliminating the image from his work, with many of his early works consisting of monochrome pieces. This was influenced by architecture magazines and his discovery of modern graphics. His works are composed of sculpture, painting, photography and collage combined. The works also study various techniques of dynamic movement, centrifugal forces or centripetal forces. Paolini’s works act as the artist’s tools in enable him to control and study various physical actions in the world. These movements include citation, duplication and fragmentation.